The first instance of football or soccer was in China. It was made of leather and filled with feather and hair.
JST CITY GUIDES:
China only has one time zone (GMT +8) for the entire country called Beijing Time, or China Standard Time. It’s 12 hours ahead of New York, and seven hours ahead of London.
To visit China’s mainland, US citizens must apply for an entry visa through the Chinese Embassy or Consulate-General which can take 4-5 business days. A tourist visa is required and your passport must be valid for 6 months after your stay.
China announced that starting Jan. 8, 2023, travelers no longer have to quarantine upon arrival on the mainland. China said it would improve visa arrangements for foreigners to enter the country to work, conduct business, study, visit family or participate in other gatherings. Chinese citizens’ ability to travel overseas will be “resumed in an orderly manner,” the announcement said.
Almost every major city in China has an international airport. The largest ones in China are:
- Beijing Capital International Airport
- Shanghai Pudong International Airport
- Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
- Chengdu Shuangliu International Airport
Didi is the common rideshare app for the country, although most places have buses, subways, light rail, and taxis. Major cities will have bikeshares in which you can rent a bike for a period of time before returning it somewhere else.
The Shanghai High speed Maglev train is the oldest Maglev train around which can go up to 268 mph. It connects the Shanghai Pudong International Airport and Longyang Road Station. China currently has a prototype for a faster Maglev train which will run between Beijing, Shenyang and Harbin.
Avoid people who approach you on the streets offering to exchange foreign money into their currency. The money they offer is fake, so exchange your money in banks or with licensed money changers.
Keep your wallets and purses out of sight in busy crowds to avoid pickpockets.
Ask locals about quality-oriented shops as shops selling fraudulent and knock-off brands are prevalent.
Avoid unlicensed taxis and always ask for a receipt.
To avoid scam in taxis, make sure to follow along on your GPS app throughout the ride so you are not charged extra for longer routes.
Knock-off products are everywhere, so be wary when making what looks like an expensive purchase.
Since China is such a large country, the weather varies greatly. The northern regions typically have very cold and dry winters while summers are hot and humid. The southern regions are subtropical and experience very hot summers with cool winters. The best times to visit would be from March through May and September through November. Be sure to do some research in the specific area you are visiting to see if you need to buy a coat or sandals!
The official language of China is Mandarin, although there are approximately 75+ dialects being spoken within the country. In major cities like Shanghai, Shenzhen, Hong Kong, and Beijing, English can be spoken to get around, but in more rural areas, it is best to know some basic Chinese vocabularies.
Hello: 你好 ni-hao
Thank you: 謝謝 xie-xie
You’re welcome: 不客氣 bu-ke-chee
Excuse me: 不好意思 bu-hao-yi-ci
I’m sorry: 對不起 dui-bu-chi
Please: 請 ching
Good morning: 早安 zao-an
Good night: 晚安 wan-an
My name is…: 我的名字是… wo-de-ming-zhi-shi
How much is this?: 多少錢? duo-shao-chian
I don’t understand: 我不懂 wo-bu-dong
Do you speak English?: 你會講英文嗎？ ni-huay-jiang-ying-wen-ma?
Where is the bathroom?: 洗手間在哪裡？xi-shou-jian-zai-na-li?
- Take your shoes off when entering a home.
- During a tea ceremony, don’t drink the first round of poured tea, wait until the third round to drink.
- A slight “nod” instead of a full bow is a sign of respect. If in a business meeting, greet with a handshake.
- Respect your elders.
- There is a lot of surveillance. Always keep in mind there are 20 million+ cameras in China, so stay away from misconduct, be aware of your actions, and be respectful of the culture.
- Be aware that spitting is common, although it might have decreased since the pandemic.
- Use serving chopstick and not your personal chopsticks when sampling food
- Finish everything on your plate, it means you really enjoyed it!
- Don’t take the last bit of food on the shared plate, it is reserved for the eldest.
- Do not sit at a dinner table until the guest of honor has been seated.
- Place your chopsticks across the top of the bowl (sticking chopsticks in your food is considered impolite).
- Put small bones, seeds, and other inedible foods onto the small plate that is next to your plate.
Chinese money has two names that are used interchangeably: Yuan ¥ (CNY) and renminbi (RMB).
Tipping is not expected or required and may be frowned upon. It is also illegal in airports and some establishments.
China’s standard voltage is 220 V, with three different plug types: A, C, and 1. Type A has two flat parallel pins. Type C has two round pins. Type 1 has three flat pins in a triangular pattern. An adapter will be necessary if you are traveling from the Americas, however, some European countries have similar plugs to China.
The standard voltage is between 220 and 240 volts, which is double the voltage in North America. The standard frequency is 50 Hz. You should carry two types of sockets: type G and type D. Type G is a British-based socket, while type D is an Indian-based plug. Here is what yours should look like:
The water in China is not safe to drink. It is okay to use for washing, bathing, and brushing your teeth. Only drink boiled water or bottled water. Hotel water is also not okay to drink from the faucet.
In most cities, Wi-Fi is available in public places including hotels, cafes, and bus stations. Google is not available in China, which includes Gmail and YouTube. If it is necessary for you to access these applications, you can use a T-Mobile or a VPN with a sim card or VPN with Pocket Wifi.
Didi is the major rideshare app in the country. All you need to do is download it! Uber and Lyft are not available due to China’s strict government.
If you travel to China, be aware that PDA is typically frowned upon in general and especially for LGBTQ+ identifying people. Should you choose to travel there, be aware that China is not a very accepting country for members of the LGBTQ+ community.
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The first humans discovered in East Asia.
The first instance of silk fabric being used in China.
The introduction of martial arts to China by the Yellow Emperor.
First instance of Chinese Calligraphy on ceramic tablets.
Various cultures and dynasties emerged among the Yellow River in China.
Life of Confucius (Kong Fuzi,) the famous philosopher and politician who founded Confucianism. His ideas would influence Chinese culture and government for centuries to come.
The Terracotta Army created by the first emperor of China, Qin Shi Huang, was made to protect him in his afterlife.
Zhang Qian returned to China with a map now known as the Silk Road.
Cai Lun developed the first instance of paper in China.
Gunpowder was created by alchemists looking for medicinal properties which instead leads to uses for warfare and fireworks.
The Ming Dynasty comes to power. During their rule, the Great Wall of China will be completed.
The Qing Dynasty is weakened by several factors. These include European colonialism, the British-led Opium Wars, and several revolts, most notably the Taiping Rebellion of the 1850s and 60s.
The pro-Qing Boxer Rebellion occurs as a reaction to Western and Japanese Imperialism.
The Qing Dynasty collapsed and was supplanted by the Republic of China.
Communist leader Mao Zedong took over the Republic of China and established the People’s Republic of China.
American President Richard Nixon visits China and meets with Mao Zedong; relations between the two nations start to thaw.
The Tiananmen Square Massacre occurs when Chinese troops gun down pro-democracy student protestors.
China hosts the Summer Olympic games in Beijing and will host the Winter Olympic games again in 2022.