JAPAN 日本

Kimon-over.

WATCH VIDEO: 7 Of Our Favorite Restaurants In Tokyo

Mount Fuji is Japan's tallest peak at 3,776 meters (12,389 feet.)

JST GUIDES:

Japan runs in Japan Standard Time, which runs 14 hours ahead of Eastern Standard Time (NYC.)

For US passport holders, a visa is not required for short-term stays (less than 90 days) for tourism or business purposes. If you are visiting for news media purposes or are attending depositions taken by U.S. Consul, or are a U.S. Federal Government employee on official business (including transit,) this visa waiver does not apply. Check here for more information on your visa requirements.

Japan’s main airports are the Narita (NRT) and Haneda (TYO) airports in Tokyo, Kansai Airport (KIX) in Osaka, Central Japan Airport (NGO) in Nagoya, and Fukuoka Airport (FUK) in Fukuoka. Of the two in Tokyo, Narita lands more international flights but Haneda is closer to downtown.

To travel to Kyoto, Osaka, or Kobe (Hyogo,) travelers typically land in Kansai Airport or Osaka International Airport.

The Japanese have a special commitment to efficiency, and you’ll find that the airports are well-maintained and easy to navigate around. All international airports in Japan have signage in English.

Transportation infrastructure is Japan’s specialty. It’s easy to get around in Japan and even the more rural areas typically have trains running from the city. Specifics on the Japanese public transportation system can be found here.

To get around within the cities, getting a public transportation IC card would be your best bet. There are different card brands, such as PASMo and SUICA. All of them function the same way – by tapping your card before entering the platform, you can automatically pay for your trip without having to purchase single-trip tickets at the kiosks. You would also tap this card when you get on any public bus. You can get your own card at any train/subway station and some major bus terminals, at any of the automatic ticket vending machines or, if there is no English option, simply by asking an officer nearby. Note that there will be a 500 yen deposit (around $5 USD) for creating a card, which you can get back by dropping it off at any station when you won’t use it anymore.

While the trains (densha) and buses are by far the most convenient option for getting around, the prices can add up really quickly if you have a lot of places to visit on your list. A single trip can cost you anywhere from 150 yen (1 USD) to a nearby location, all the way to 1500 yen (15 USD) to get to the other side of the city. If you see yourself overspending on transportation, consider purchasing a one-day ticket which lets you travel on specific lines as many times as you want under a fixed price. Know that these can also be costly, so do a quick calculation before you make a purchasing decision.

Finally, if you are visiting multiple cities in Japan on your trip, it might be worth checking out the JR Pass. The JR Passes are sold at 7-consecutive-day increments up until 21 days, and you will be able to go on as many JR trips (lines run by Japan Railways) as you wish during that period. Since these are pricey, you will only want these if you are taking the expensive bullet trains (shinkansen) to get from city to city. Check out the prices and get your own JR Pass here.

Taxi services are available throughout Japan but aren’t as common in rural areas. Popular taxi apps include Uber Taxi, Japan Taxi, MOV, and DiDi.

Japan is considered one of the safest in the world. That said, if you are a female traveler, it’s always a good idea to be looking out for yourself and avoiding walking alone at night.

One way Tokyo and other major cities have secured safety for women is by having female-only rail cars to reduce bodily harassment cases. You can find these during rush hours on the train lines that have the busiest commute – the platform floor that corresponds to these cars will have pink or red markings.

Female-Only Cars Indication: Look for markings that look like this on the train platforms during rush hours.

Japan experiences all four seasons, expect very different (but all beautiful) scenery in each season. However, note that summer in Kyoto (July – September) can become uncomfortable, with high temperature and humidity.

Cherry Blossoms in and around Japan, typically bloom toward the beginning to mid-April every year, but it’s becoming more and more unpredictable due to climate change. They only bloom for a maximum of one week before they are all on the ground and are replaced with leaves. If you are serious about catching those blossoms, it would be the best idea to have your dates be as flexible as possible – book your flights and hotels at the last possible second, as soon as you receive news that the trees have started to blossom!

Here are some handy Japanese phrases to remember are:

Thank you: arigatō-gozaimasu

Sorry/excuse me: sumimasen

Please: onegaishimasu

Hello, good afternoon: konnichiwa

Welcome (by a store clerk, restaurant waiter, etc.): irasshai-mase.

Good morning: ohayo-gozaimasu

Good evening: konbanwa

Good night: oyasumi-nasai

For meals:

Prayer before eating: itadakimasu

Prayer after eating: gochiso-samadeshita

Can I have some water?: omizu kudasai

It’s really tasty: totemo oishi-desu

I’d like to pay, please: okaikei onegaishimasu

(For etiquette and common practices at restaurants, look in the etiquette section.)

Japan is known for being a country of polite, respectful, and quiet people; particularly in public settings. Some things that are considered rude are:

  • Being loud in public settings, including public transport.
  • Taking calls inside a public building or on public transport (For online meetings, find a work-friendly coffee shop instead of a restaurant. A good rule of thumb is that if a coffee shop offers free Wi-Fi, it is fine to take video calls there.)
  • Pointing fingers is usually rude. When you have to point at someone, use an open palm and point it in its direction
  • Bowing is a sign of respect. Since it’s non-verbal, it’s easy to remember and use. Just do a small bow (or nod) in the following situations:
    • When greeting someone (a stranger, a store clerk, a waiter/waitress…etc.)
    • When expressing gratitude (e.g. when someone gives you directions) along with a “thank you” or “arigato-gozaimasu”
    • When apologizing (e.g. when you bump into someone by accident) with a “excuse me” or sumimasen
    • When the other person bows at you first
    • When receiving or offering something (food, money, tickets, business cards…etc.)

Etiquette in the home:

  • Most people do not wear shoes inside the house. When entering someone’s residence, take off your shoes and align them neatly with the heels facing the inside of the house. Usually, the host will offer you slippers to wear indoors.
  • In many homes, there are slippers that you specifically wear in the bathroom. Make sure to change slippers when entering/exiting the toilet.

Eating etiquette:

  • Do not stick your chopsticks in your food when you’re not using them. Rest them horizontally on top of your bowl or on a chopstick-rest (hashioki.)
  • Do not chew with your mouth open. It’s best not to talk while you’re chewing, but if you have to, cover your mouth with your hand.
  • When passing or receiving food from someone else, do not transfer it from chopsticks to chopsticks. If someone is offering you food with their chopsticks, bring your bowl or plate toward them so they can place it there, and say thanks.
  • Slurping when eating noodles is common practice here. Don’t be surprised or make faces. Instead, slurp along with them! It’s the best way to enjoy both the texture of the noodles and the soup’s flavor all at once.
  • Paying the bill: In most restaurants, you will not pay at the table. The waiters would bring your bill to your table, and when you are ready to leave, you will take the bill to the counter by the entrance. There, you will be able to pay for your meal.

The Japanese currency is the yen (¥.) While you may be able to exchange money in the airport or hotels once you arrive in, it is a much better bet to exchange a sum before traveling and only using exchange services in Japan if you run out of cash during your trip.

There is no tipping culture in Japan.

The typical power voltage is 100V and the frequency is 50/60 Hz. Make sure to bring a voltage converter that will fit the Japanese outlet model (plug type A) and it looks like this:

Electrical plug Type A
Photo by Kelly Sikkema on Unsplash

Generally, tap water is drinkable everywhere in Japan. If the water at your residence tastes funny, however, you can purchase bottled water at the nearest convenience store or supermarket.

Wi-Fi is common in Japan and most hotels and chain cafes (Starbucks, Tully’s Coffee, Doutor…etc.) will have free Wi-Fi.

If you would like to have internet access everywhere you go, you can opt to purchase data-only SIM cards. A major tourist-friendly one is the Japan Travel SIM by IIJmio. There are two plans to choose from: 1GB for 1 month or 2G for 3 months. You can always add more data for an extra charge when you run out. These are sold at any of the major electronics chains, including: Yodobashi Camera, Bic Camera, Yamada Denki, etc. Just do a quick Google Maps search to find your nearest electronics shop. At most places, they will even help you install the SIM if you don’t know how to do it on your own, although they may ask for a small extra charge. For more details, visit the English site here.

Another option is to carry around a pocket Wi-Fi router. The biggest perk of using a WiFi router in Japan is that it’s convenient. You don’t have to replace SIM cards and bother with the settings, and you can pick them up and drop them off at any major airport. They can be a bit pricey, though, depending on your stay. Check the prices out here.

Unless you can see yourself needing internet connection at urgent notice or with better security and speed than publicly available Wi-Fi (such as for business calls,) it might be more convenient to arrive without a SIM card or router. If it turns out to be a struggle, you can always purchase a plan at any point during your stay.

As Japan is a diverse and progressive city, you will find open hatred and discrimination toward queer people to be rare here.

Although Japan is progressive in some areas, LGBTQ+ couples do not enjoy the same legal and social privileges as heterosexual couples. There is a “partnership” status that recognizes LGBTQ+ couples but this does not equate to marriage. Much discrimination happens against members of the LGBTQ+ community in Japan in a variety of places. The younger generation, however, tends to be more accepting, and you will be able to find an active LGBTQ+ community while you’re in the cities.

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A TIMELINE OF JAPAN'S HISTORY

Rice domestication is introduced to Japan by new settlers from Korea.

300BC

Buddhism is introduced to Japan by the Baekje Kingdom of Southwestern Korea. The Japanese aristocratic classes would begin to follow Buddhism while the lower classes still followed the Japanese indigenous religion, Shinto.

6th Century

The Great Buddha of Todaiji Temple (Nara Prefecture) is completed after seven years of construction.

Todaiji Buddha

752

Shoguns (Samurai lords) based in Kamakura take over the jobs of the official government in the emperor’s name. Their de facto rule in Japan will last until 1868.

1185

Tokugawa Ieyasu’s army wins the Battle of Sekigahara and unifies Japan under a single rule for the first time.

1600

Under Tokugawa rule, Japanese foreign policy enters a 214-year period of strict isolationism (sakoku), in which trade and communication with the outside world was severely limited. This was aimed to protect Japanese political and social structures from the colonialist and religious (Christian) influences of Portugal and Spain.

1633

Artist Hokusai Katsushika completes his most successful series of Ukiyoe (a genre of Japanese art involving woodblock printing), “The Thirty-Six Views of Mount Fuji.”

1834

American commodore Matthew Perry arrives in Japan and begins negotiations to open Japan to the Western world.

1853

The Meiji Restoration begins, initiating Westernization and modernization across the country.

1868

Umami, now one of the most popular flavors in Japanese cuisine, is discovered by Kikune Ikeda.

1908

The Japanese navy attacks Pearl Harbor in Hawaii and Japan enters WWII.

1941

Atomic bombs are dropped on the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki by the U.S. during WWII. Days later, Japan surrenders and gives up all territories in Eastern and Southeastern Asia. The U.S. occupies Japan for the next 7 years.

1945

Japan begins a 19-year period of significant economic growth and sees the rapid popularization of household electronic appliances.

1954

Osamu Tezuka establishes the Mushi Productions, whose artistic style will pave the path of manga and anime for decades to come.

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1961

Amidst the national economic boom, Tokyo hosts the Summer Olympic Games.

1964

Hello Kitty, the world-famous staple of Japanese Kawaii culture, is created by designer Yuko Yamaguchi.

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1974

Hayao Miyazaki’s film Spirited Away is released in Japan and breaks the domestic record of film revenue. The film later becomes a global hit and wins the Academy Award for Animation, and is now considered a classic Japanese film.

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2001

A Magnitude-9.0 earthquake hits the Northeastern Coast of Japan, followed by massive tsunamis and the toxic meltdown of a nuclear power plant, causing more than 20,000 deaths.

2011

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