ENGLAND

50 shades of Earl Grey.

WATCH VIDEO: Swanky Manhattan Meets Manchester At Hotel Gotham

The British drink over 163 million cups of tea daily.

JST TRAVEL GUIDES:

UK goes by Greenwich Mean Time (GMT.) For example, the time difference between London and New York is 5 hours.

If you have a U.S. passport and are staying in London for 6 months or less, you do not need a visa. If you’re an European passport holder, you also don’t need a visa to enter the UK. Click here to double-check on visa requirements for your country.

Heathrow Airport in London is one of the busiest and biggest international airports in the world, frequently used for connecting flights. The London-Gatwick airport and the Manchester airport are also the busiest in England. Overall, the UK has over 40 commercial airports.

Click here to learn more about airports in the UK.

Local transportation is the most economical way to get around England. Taxis can be hailed from nearly every street corner. Ride-sharing apps such as Uber, Bolt, Freenow, and Lyft can be used across the country. Depending on the region in England, buses can either run for 24 hours everyday, like in London, or stop running at midnight on weekdays. There are many railway and train operators in the UK, with Network Rail manning most of the services. Ferries allow connections to the Scottish Highlands, Northern Ireland, and to the smaller British islands.

More information for travel in general across the UK can be found here.

Links for rail, bus, and ferries.

Just like any popular destination, female solo travelers need to practice general precaution. England, however, is considered safe for female solo travelers since the country also provides a solid public transportation system, with police guards frequently seen on the streets. Be especially careful with your phone in public places; beware of thieves on mopeds and bicycles.

The best time to visit England is March through June when the temperature isn’t too hot or cold. Late spring and summer reflect the most visitors and travel prices can increase. Fall and winter have colder temperatures. 70°F is the average temperature in July, and 40°F is the average in January.

Hot tip! Always bring an umbrella since misty days and showers year round are common.

UK weather map found here.

Most people don’t realize that over 600 languages are spoken in the UK, which makes it one of the most linguistically diverse destinations in the world. The top languages spoken in London are English, Bengali, Sylheti, and Panjabi. Across the UK, travelers can expect to hear Welsh in Wales and Scots in Scotland.

Be sure to stand on the right on escalators since the left side is strictly for moving traffic only.

Informally, some British people may say “cheers” instead of “you’re welcome.”

The UK is an ethnically and racially diverse destination, keep an open mind and be respectful of different cultures.

When visiting famous landmarks with guards and horses, do not touch.

Devouring a Sunday Roast is a must in the UK, keep in mind that some people start exactly at 3:15 p.m.

The official currency of England is the pound. ATMs have a low exchange rate, and they are quite easy to find all over the city. Just know that your bank may charge you transaction fees while you’re abroad.

Tipping! Most people leave 10-15% of the bill when eating out. Make sure to check your bill if you don’t want to tip twice because restaurants will often add on a service charge around 12.5% if you’re in a large group.

UK uses plug type G, which is the plug that three rectangular pins in a triangular pattern.

Tap water is fine to drink in England, as all tap water in the UK is safe.

Many public places and internet cafés have free Wi-Fi. SIM cards are easy to purchase when you arrive in England if you’re there for a longer stay.

Brighton and Hove is the most famous pride festival in the UK, which takes place every August and is a 2-hour drive south from London. There are endless possibilities of bars, restaurants and clubs for the LGBTQIA+ communities in every city. The UK is one of the most LGBTQ-friendly places in the world.

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A TIMELINE OF ENGLAND's HISTORY

The first English Parliament is convened after the signing of the Magna Carta.

Magna Carta

1215

The Hundred Years’ War begins with France.

Hundred Years War

1337

The Black Death hits England.

1349

The English fleet led by Sir Francis Drake defeats the Spanish Armada.

1588

William Shakespeare begins writing and performing plays.

William Shakespeare

1591

The Great Fire of London destroys much of the city.

Great Fire of London

1666

More power is given to parliament with the English Bill of Rights.

1689

The UK is formed by the kingdoms of Great Britain and Ireland uniting.

1801

Britain reaches its peak with industrial power harnessing technological change, boasting free trade and worldwide investment.

industrial revolution

1840s

UK enters hostilities against Germany with the outbreak of World War I.

1914

War ends with armistice; the number of UK war dead reaches several hundred thousand.

1918

Northern Ireland remains part of the UK with the foundation of the Irish Free State agreement.

1921

Unemployment begins to rise in UK with the world stock market crash.

1929

UK declares war on Germany.

1939

Winston Churchill becomes prime minister; London and other cities are badly damaged from German bombing raids.winston churchill

1940

D-Day: Allied troops invade France from Britain.

1944

Queen Elizabeth II becomes Queen of the United Kingdom and Head of the Commonwealth.

Queen Elizabeth II

1952

Margaret Thatcher becomes prime minister, with conservative power at the forefront.

1979

Princess Diana is killed in a Paris car crash.

Diana_Princess_of_Wales

1997

52 people are killed and 700 injured in four suicide bomb attacks on London’s transport network.

2005

Prince William (second in line to the throne), marries Kate Middleton at Westminster Abbey.

Prince William and Catherine Middleton
From LOCAL 12, WKRC-TV Facebook
2011

Prince Harry (sixth line in royal succession) marries Meghan Markle.

Prince Harry marries Meghan Markle.
From Wayne Samson Facebook
2018

(Former) Prince Harry and Meghan Markle give up their royal titles and become financially independent from the royal family. Also, Prince Philip passes away at the age of 99.

Prince Philip
From GMA News Facebook.
2021

On September 8th, Queen Elizabeth passed away at the age of 96. Her death brought to a close a reign that spanned seven decades, the longest reigning monarch in British history. U.K. entered a period of mourning that lasted 12 days. Her death led her son to become King Charles III, who became the oldest person to ascend the British throne.

Queen Elizabeth II
Photo by Annie Spratt on Unsplash
2022

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