According to the Guinness World Records, Prague Castle is the largest castle in the world.
Prague is on the Central European Standard Time (CET). It is GMT+1 hours, meaning Prague is 6 hours ahead of New York and 1 hour ahead of London. This does not include daylight savings.
A valid passport. Your passport needs to be valid for at least 3 months after you leave Prague.
A visa if you’re staying for over three months.
A short-stay visa if you are planning on staying in Prague for longer than 3 months, but this is a limited visa and usually used in unconditional circumstances.
*If you are not a European citizen but have a permit or residence in Europe, you do not need a Visa to enter Prague.
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Václav Havel Prague Airport (PRG) is located on the north end of Prague, which is approximately 17 kilometers from the city centre. Here are some ways of getting to the city centre:
Airport Express Bus:
The express bus operates every 30 minutes from the airport from 6:30am to 10:00pm and to the airport at 5:30am to 9:00pm.
To purchase tickets upon arrival, you can buy them at the Prague Public Transport Information Center or directly from the bus driver.
Bus pick ups and drop offs happen at Terminal 1 and 2 at the bus stop, and Prague main station (Metro Line C).
Public Shuttle Bus:
These shuttles fit up to 8 people and must be booked in advance online.
Uber is active in Prague and can be ordered through your mobile devices. There free Wi-Fi at the airport so you can order your Uber. there is no designated pick up area at the airport therefore you may be waiting for approximately 5 to 30 minutes for an Uber. tip: drivers often wait outside the parking areas, so head over there. If you are taking an Uber to the airport, make sure you let the driver know what terminal to drop you off at.
Rent a Car:
Sixt, Europcar, Hertz, Budget Rent A Car, and Avis are all located at PRG. Be aware it is the priciest to rent a car to travel around Prague.
The tram is one of the most efficient ways to travel within Prague. The tram is 88.5 miles long and has 22 tram lines. The daytime trams run from 4:30am to midnight and comes every 10 minutes. The night time trams run from midnight to 4:30am and comes every 30 to 40 minutes.
The metro has only 3 lines and 61 stations. The green line is line A which runs from the northeast to the southeast. The yellow line is line B which runs from Zličín and Černý Most. lastly, the red line, line C runs to the north to south of Prague. The metro operates from 5am to midnight; during rush hour a metro comes every 2 minutes.
Prague for the most part is extremely safe. It is okay to travel alone and walk outside in the dark. The most you have to worry about is in Wenceslas Square because it is high in tourism; tourists are more likely to get pick-pocketed. Always make sure to keep your belongings close.
European universal emergency number is 112, Police department is 156, Fire department is 150 and ambulance is 155.
Prague has cold winters and moderately hot summers. Here is a monthly forecast:
December through March the temperatures range from 25 to 46 Degrees Fahrenheit.
April through August the temperatures range from 37 to 75 Degrees Fahrenheit.
September through November the temperatures range from 43 to 66 Degrees Fahrenheit.
The best time to visit Prague is from mid-May to mid-September to have the warmest and sunniest weather.
Good morning: dobré ráno
Hello: Ahoj, Haló, Nazdar
Thank you: Děkuju
You’re welcome: nemáš zač
Excuse me: Promiňte
I’m sorry: omlouvám se
Please: prosím, potěšit
: dobrou noc
My name is…: Jmenuji se …
Check, please: zkontrolujte prosím
I don’t understand: Nerozumím
Do you speak English?: Mluvíš anglicky?
Where is…?: kde je …?
Call the police: zavolat policii
Etiquette is very important to the Czech people when it comes to entering and leaving a place, having good manners, and even when drinking beer. Etiquette is also important when traveling; you should always be respectful to others cultural norms. Here are some etiquettes to take note of when visiting Prague:
Lunch is considered the main meal of the day, so get ready for heavy duty pork, chicken and goulash! Load up on carbs: fries, potatoes and dumplings.
Get ready for $1 beers! They’re cheaper than water. No, seriously, they are.
General rule: watch out for pickpockets, especially at metro stations, Charles Bridge and Town Squares.
Always say dobrý den which means “good day” and na shledanou which means “goodbye” when entering and leaving any public place. The Czech people like to be noticed and greeted. Go the extra mile in shaking their hand. Whether it is a man or woman, give them a firm handshake.
One last thing: make sure to please never pour the rest of your beer in a new glass of beer because it is considered to be barbaric by the Czech people. Beers served in Prague come in a heavy foam top, because locals believe that it keeps the beer cold.
Czech Crown (CZK) is the current currency in Prague. 1 USD is equivalent to 23 CZK and 1€ is equivalent to 29 CZK.
Some places may accept Euros, but Prague for the most part uses Czech Crown.
The ATM is the best and safest way to convert money although credit cards are accepted in most places in Prague.
Tipping: This is expected in Prague. The services usually expect at least 10% of the bill.
The electricity in Prague is 230v. Adapters can be purchased at Tesco.
Tap water is 100% safe to drink in Prague. It is said that Prague’s tap water is one of the healthiest to drink.
Wi-Fi can be found and used practically anywhere in Prague. Most bars, pubs, restaurants and cafes offer wifi. But if you are in dying need of some, go to Starbucks or Mcdonalds.
If you have T-Mobile, then your service will work in Prague, but if you have any other cell phone networks from the US, then your company may charge you. But the cheapest way is if your phone is unlocked–you can switch out your sim-card with a local cell service prepaid sim-card. O2, T-Mobile, and Vodafone offer prepaid services and temporarily plans.
Uber: is active in Prague and used popularly.
Liftago: is a similar app to Uber but it is mainly used by Prague taxi drivers. Tip: your driver may not speak English.
AAA TAXI: this app seems to be very easy to use but it is all pre-booking. You cannot order on the spot, you have to pre-book your ride ahead of time.
When it comes to LGBTQ rights, Czech Republic is one of the most liberal countries. In 2006, same sex relationships were allowed to be registered and welcomed. The people of Prague warmly accept the LGBTQ community; they even have a pride festival. To add, many people believe that Czech Republic can help the rest of Europe be more open-minded about LGBTQ rights.
Top 3 ways to be an eco-traveler in Prague:
- Stay at an eco-friendly hotel that is aware of how to save water and resources, such as the Adria Hotel, Botanique Hotel Prague, or Mosaic House.
- Traveling throughout Prague, use public transportation, ride bikes, or simply walk. If you want to rent a car, try renting an electric car instead of a gas car.
- Discover all the nature that Prague has to offer. Prague is very green, therefore go on a hike, walk a trail, or have a picnic in the park. Check out Divoká Šárka Reserve where there are places to swim, trails, and rock formations.